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Opportunities for Implementing REDD+ to Enhance Sustainable Forest Management and Improve Livelihoods in Lombok, NTB, Indonesia –

Opportunities for Implementing REDD+ to Enhance Sustainable Forest Management and Improve Livelihoods in Lombok, NTB, Indonesia

By on February 18, 2015

OpportunitiesInfo Baru Vol. 11 No. 2 Februari 2015-ab

REDD+ refers to a newly established mechanism that aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and includes conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries; it enables developed countries to financially support REDD+ activities in developing countries through sustainable forest management. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has determined that REDD+ can be a very cost-effective policy option for mitigating climate change, with potential economic, social and other environmental co-benefits, if implemented sustainably. Reducing forest loss could therefore contribute to climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation, and improved livelihoods for local communities.

However, in order to effectively implement REDD+ in developing countries, a number of constraints must be addressed. First, forest managers must develop the skills and methods to identify land-use change and estimate carbon stock change over time. Local technical capacity remains limited, and significant challenges remain in working effectively with forest margin communities and other local stakeholders. Developing effective forest governance and institutions is a critical aspect of designing and implementing successful REDD+ projects, as is the commitment to provide adequate and sustained financial support. In Indonesia, the development of more localized forest management units (KPHs) represents a promising opportunity to address these challenges.

The Korea Forest Research Institute (KFRI), together with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Northern Arizona University (NAU), the University of Arizona, and the University of Mataram in Indonesia, have completed a REDD feasibility study on the island of Lombok, Indonesia, where there are high poverty rates, rapid population growth and complex social dynamics. This study was completed using the five essential elements: (1) identification of land-use changes, (2) estimation of average carbon stocks in forests and shrub land, (3) socioeconomic surveys to identify drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, (4) estimation of future reference emission levels, and (5) developing alternatives to reduce the rates of deforestation and forest degradation.

We hope the results of this study provide important insights for REDD+ implementation for scientists, policy makers, practitioners, and local communities as they work together in planning and implementing REDD+ projects.

Daftar isi: Opportunities for Implementing REDD+ to Enhance Sustainable Forest Management and…

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